Patent (Intellectual Properties)
The term patent usually refers to a right granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof. Patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state (national government) to an inventor. The exclusive right granted to a patentee in most countries is the right to prevent others from making, using, selling, or distributing the patented invention without permission.
Intellectual property is defined as an intangible form of property, as opposed to personal property or real property, which is concrete and much more easily defined. Is the result of the creation of the brain or the mind, which is then manifested or interpreted in a form that has a physical existence and possesses exclusive property rights. Examples include images, symbols, names, designs, industrial processes and business methods used in commerce; inventions; artistic, literary and musical works; and software.